The Hidden Jewels of Appalachia
One of Shenandoah National Park's star salamanders is the Red-Spotted Newt.
Newts are unique in that they have three distinct lifestyles. They start as tadpoles in freshwater pools, change into a terrestrial stage (Red efts) pictured above. This is the stage they are most recognized for. Their bright coloration warns predators that their skin contains a powerful neurotoxin called tetrodotoxin. Red-Spotted Newts live three years on land but up to fifteen years total. Their last stage is another adult aquatic stage during which they are a dull green and breed the next generation. Credit for above information goes to Nature Guide to Shenandoah National Park by Ann and Rob Simpson:
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